Monday, September 8, 2014

Gardens of Eden at Virginia

In 1894, between 70 and 8O acres of land north of Virginia was subdivided into nine working men's blocks. The area was originally an Aboriginal reserve, and the Government of the day yielded to a request to cut it up in accordance with a sentiment which was then popular—that of providing small areas for working men upon which they could occupy their time when not in regular employment.
One of the original blockers was Mr. W. G. King, and he and his family have, after much hard work, converted their two blocks of 171 acres into a little Garden of Eden. The principal production is now fruit. Oranges, lemons, peaches, pears, plums, apricots, nectarines, figs, grapes, and almonds.

The blockers built houses, sunk bores, and being close to the railway allowed easy transport to the market. Each allotment was given a milk cow.  As the blocks were small, some were able to purchase additional land.  Others who were not so fortunate sought employment in certain sessions on adjoining farms.

Monday, September 1, 2014

Daniel Garlick; a prominent architect

Moses Bendle Garlick features prominently in the history of One Tree Hill as a wealthy land owner and benefactor.  His son Daniel received considerable fame in his own area of expertise, as a prolific and prominent architect during the early years of the colony of South Australia. His legacy can still be seen in many places around Adelaide. 

Daniel was born in 1818 at Uley, Gloucestershire, England, son of Moses Garlick, plasterer and weaver, and his wife Rachel, née Smith. After his wife died Moses decided to migrate to South Australia with his sons Daniel, Thomas and William. They sailed in the Katherine Stewart Forbes and arrived in the new colony on 17 October 1837.
Daniel and his father ran a business as builders and timber merchants in Kermode Street, North Adelaide, until the early 1850s when Daniel's health declined imposing a life change. His father bought some 450 acres at One Tree Hill, and with his three sons grew wheat, planted a vineyard and made wine.  After their father died about 1860, Thomas and William remained on the farm but Daniel began business as an architect in Gawler. His projects included designing villas, cottages, country houses, shops, churches and chapels for the town and the countryside.  About 1862 he married Lucy King, but after only nine years she died leaving three young sons.

Garlick designed many churches and banks in townships north of Adelaide and in 1864 was described as an architect and land and estate agent with offices in Adelaide. Among the buildings which he designed in and around Adelaide in the 1860s and 1870s are the original buildings of Prince Alfred College, St Barnabas College, part of the Collegiate School of St Peter where the original buildings had been designed by others, and the south wing of Adelaide Town Hall. In 1891 Daniel's son Arthur joined the firm.
Daniel was active in local affairs and became chairman of the district council of Munno Para East in 1855-60 and represented Robe ward in the Adelaide City Council in 1868-70.  His business affairs however took up too much time and he was obliged to step down from these roles to work in his practice.

Garlick died aged 84 in North Adelaide on 28 September 1902. He was survived by his second wife Mary Rebecca (1832?-1912), a widow whom he had married on 29 September 1877, and by a son and a daughter. Daniel is buried in the North Road, cemetery.

Sullivan, Christine, 'Garlick, Daniel’, Architecture Museum, University of South Australia, 2008, Architects of South Australia

Australian Dictionary of Biography
Chronicle Saturday 1 November 1924, page 51


Tuesday, August 26, 2014


Bibaringa is largely a rural area on the eastern edge of the boundary of the City of Playford.  The suburb is named after the 100 acre ‘Bibaringa’ farming property which adjoined the South Para River.1  The name Bibaringa is an Aboriginal word meaning hilltop or mountain.2  Early Lands Title records show that the land was owned by Henry John Riggs, of Bentley, a sheep farmer.  Building work on the property is thought to date back prior to 1893.  ‘Bibaringa’ remained in the Riggs family until 1972.3

The suburb was developed by Monarch Constructions Pty Ltd on Sections 3330, 3314 and 3315, in the Hundred of Munno Para in 1966.  The naming of the suburb was suggested by A.J.V. Riggs.4  

1. ‘25 Years Ago’, Bunyip, 12 August, 1992, p. 21.
2.  Geoffrey H. Manning, Manning’s Place Names Of South Australia, Manning, 1990, p. 35.
3. Sarah Laurence and Taylor Weidenhofer (comp), City Of Munno Para Heritage Survey 1996, Department Of Environment And Natural Resources, South Australia, 1996, p. 104.
4. Geoffrey H. Manning, Manning’s Place Names Of South Australia, Manning, 1990, p. 35.

Monday, August 18, 2014

Evanston Park

Evanston Park is an extension of the Gawler suburb, Evanston, but falls within the City of Playford boundary. 

In 1850 James Philcox named the subdivision of sections 3220 and 3221, in the Hundred of Munno Para, Evanston.  Philcox was a land speculator, but unfortunately there is limited biographical information available.1

In 1853 a plan of the Evanston township was lodged at the Lands Titles Office, when it was transferred to Sir John Morphett.2  In relation to the transfer Manning notes that in Glamorgan, Wales, there is an Evanstown. On the 14   November 1855 the Register Newspaper referred to Evanston as ‘Evans Town’.3

Another possibility is that Evanston may have been named after Henry Evans, a chemist in the Gawler district. 

1.  Geoffrey H. Manning, Manning’s Place Names of South Australia, Manning, Adelaide, 1990, p.110.

2.   Rodney, Cockburn, South Australia what’s in a name?, Axiom, unknown, 1908 (1990),p.71.

3.   Geoffrey H. Manning, Manning’s Place Names of South Australia, Manning, Adelaide, 1990, p.110.

Monday, August 11, 2014

Grove of nations

Planting in front of Spruance Road shops, 1958

In 1959 migrants from 37 different nations each planted a tree in an area at the corner of Midway and Spruance Roads, Elizabeth east.  Adelaide Jaycees, in conjunction with the Good Neighbour Council, organized this planting on April 19th, 1959, as part of the Jaycee campaign “Bring out a Briton”.
A plaque commemorating the event was unveiled on site opposite the shopping area in Spruance Road.

Elizabeth Jaycees and member s of the Elizabeth Apex Club developed and installed the equipment for the Children’s playground on the site.  A senior triple swing, a double see saw and two junior swings were all designed and manufactured by Jaycees.  Funds were raised by holding cabarets and running book stalls.